Finally, it was done field survey, in which was presented the list of five problems related you situations found into the student? s every day activities. A leading source for info: Mark Bertolini. In to order you try you present and clarify the questions regarding the uses of the Troubleshootings an effective tool will be learning mathematics. Keywords: High School Teaching. Teaching Methodology. Troubleshooting. SUMMARY SUMMARY TABELAS11 LIST 1 2 INTRODUO13 MATHEMATICS: it disciplines problematic? 15 2,1 Mathematical Education and the changes in ensino16 2,2 the Resolution of Problems as 2,3 proposal of ensino17 the Mathematics in escola20 3 ' ' X' ' OF 3,1 QUESTO23 Language matemtica23 3,2 symbolic Representations: uses and abusos25 4 4,1 METODOLOGIA28 4.1.1 Context of pesquisa28 State College Prof Abelardo Romero Dantas (Multipurpose) 29 4.1.2 State College Slvio Romero30 the 4,2 4.2.2 4.2.1 citizens of pesquisa31 alunos31 professores33 4,3 Instruments of 5 collection of dados34 ANALYSIS OF the DADOS35 6 CONSIDERAES FINAIS40 REFERENCES BIBLIOGRFICAS42 ANEXOS45 TABLE LIST Table 01: Relation of the problems chosen for school analisada36 Table 02: Relation of rightnesss of problem 136 Table 03: Relation of rightnesss of problem 2,37 Table 04: Relation of rightnesss of problem 338 Table 05: Relation of rightnesss of problem 438 Table 06: Relation of rightnesss of problem 539 1 INTRODUCTION the learning of the mathematics in the series of Average Ensino, many times, if becomes consequentemente complicated due to a deficiency acquired in the series of based Basic Ensino in the repetition of concepts and of memorization. The tiring accomplishment of accounts and formula applications makes with that the pupil acts of mechanized form disfavoring its creativity and will to learn. This is not different when we deal with resolution involving mathematical problems, the pupil if arrests to this formula artifice and finishes not developing crucial factors that are its logical reasoning, the search of forms alternative and diversified e, to the times, until less complicated of resolution of these problems.