The ENVIRONMENT AND ITS TRANSVERSALIDADE WITH THEMATIC OF HUMAN RIGHTS the vision of the planet Land of the space stimulated world-wide the ambientalista movement, in reason of the phrase of the American astronaut Neil Armstrong who, resumidamente, described our Gaia as fragile and defenseless. Per many years the common citizen did not apercebeu itself of this fragility, exactly our planet has age esteem around 4,6 billion years, an approach mass of 6 quintilhes of tons, a surface of approximately 510 million Km2 and a diameter, in the line of the Equator, of 12.756 km. Such characteristics, in them he did not seem to be so fragile. This fragility was, acertadamente, in the rejected opinion of some and for others, pointed for English chemistry James Lovelock and the biologist Lynn Margulis in the theory of Gaia (1972). They had affirmed that the Land had to be considered an alive and sistmico organism, that answers to some stimulatons and evolves organisms together with livings creature and not-livings creature.
The Land only produces its proper food, fixes nitrogen in air, fertiliza the ground and shelters a species infinity. These scientists had affirmed that the land possesss a proper and perfect identity. is not for less. Venus, for example, has a dense atmosphere in Co2, what it raises the temperature about 400 C. Mars, in turn, has fine Co2 layer, what it takes low the temperature, about 53 C negative. It is a frozen desert. The Land is a stimulaton the life.
Unhappyly our Gaia comes being degraded year the year, as presented studies in recent years. Some arrive to affirm that if the ambient degradation to continue in the current rhythm, the life, in the end of century XXI, in function of the effect greenhouse, will only be possible in the Arctic, where the temperatures would be bearable for the man. Chistopher Stone, in 1993, said that ' ' the land has cancer and this cancer is homem' '.